Roma antica foro romano colosseo altare della patria circo massimo roma virtuale 3d lazio

Vai ai contenuti

Menu principale:




Honour to the dead people



Rome has always honoured  its dead people, by praising the virtues and their tasks, performed by the dead people during their lives. Rome has buried since the ancient times Popes, emperors, king, writers and poets.

Many famous personalities  have lived in their walls.

Four pyramids were built in Rome, but the only which survived  after 2000 years of history is the Pyramid of Cestius, built between 18 and 12 b.C. (29,50 metres each side  36,40 metres high). It is a  sepulchral building, with one inner space, 6 metres long 4 metres large, built to host the body of Caio Cestio Epulone and was erected during 330 days.

You can’t miss the Mausoleum, such as the mausoleum of Augustus,  28 b.C, 87 metres  long, or the mausoleum of Hadrian,  where now you can find Sant’Angelo Castle, and, the Mausoleum of Cecilia Metella, along the Appian Way, 30-20 b.C, and the Mausoleum of Saint Constance turned in church in 1254, or the recent ones, such as the Mausoleum of the Ardeatine Caves, realized in honour of the 335 victims, dead because of the Nazi retaliation, a massacre ordered following a partisan action which took place at Via Rasella in 1944.

The same Pantheon hosts famous personalities such as Raphael, Annibale Carracci, the King  Victor Emmanuel II and his son King Humbert I.

The Vittoriano, which is the grave of the “Unknown Soldier” (since 1921), commemorates and celebrates the soldiers who are dead during the I World War. Almost all the Popes are buried in the Roman churches, and also some Saints, famous personalities and artists such as Bernini, Borromini, are buried in the Roman churches, which are hundreds.

The “Church of the Capuchins” in Saint Mary of the Conciliation, is very suggestive and its crypt-ossuary is decorated with the bones of  4000 friars Capuchins.

 Among the less famous graves, we can mention that of Anita, the young fiancée of Giuseppe Garibaldi who is buried at the Janiculum, under the  statue where she is represented  escaping on a horse.

You can also visit the graveyards, the ancient Catacombs, cemeteries situated underground to host the remains of the first  Christians. They are situated along the consular roads: Appian way, Aurelian way, Salarian way etc. or modern such as the  monumental cemetery of the Verano; built along the via Tiburtina during the Napoleonic reign of 1805-1814. It is, with its marmoreal stones, a real masterwork, an incomparable open-air  museum, for the amount and particular historical, artistic and cultural evidence.

The  Teutonic Cemetery placed next to the Vatican, and the “Cimitero Acattolico”, also called the “Cemetery of artists and poets” near St. Paul’s gate, a real proof of the amount of famous characters  willing to live  and die in Rome.



List of famous personalities of the  Acattolico cemetery:


John Keats (1975-1821) English poet

Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) English poet

August von Goethe (1789-1830) German writer

Antonio Gramsci (1981-1937) Italian philosopher

Karl Brullov (1799-1852) Russian painter

Johan David Ǻkerblad (1763-1819), Swedish diplomat

Hendrik Andersen (1872-1940), Norwegian  sculptor   

Jacob Salomon Bartholdy (1779-1825),  Prussian soldier

Karl Pavlovich Brullov (1799-1852) Russian painter

Jacob Asmus Carstens (1754-1798), German/Danish painter

Gregory Corso (1930-2001), American poet

Carl Philipp Fohr (1795-1818), German painter

Carlo Emilio Gadda (1893-1973), Italian novelist  

Irene Galitzine (1916-2006), Russian designer  

John Gibson (1790-1866), Welsh sculptor

Johannes Carsten Hauch (1790-1872), Danish poet

 August Kestner (1777-1853), German diplomat

Richard Krautheimer (1897-1994), German  

Belinda Lee (1935-1961), English actress

James MacDonald (1741-1766) Scottish  

David Randall-MacIver (1873-1945), English archaeologist  

George Perkins Marsh (1801-1882) American philologist

Malwida von Meysenbug (1816-1903), German author

P.A. Munch (1810-1863), Norwegian historian

Thomas Jefferson Page (1808-1899), American explorer

Pier Pander (1864-1919), Dutch sculptor  

Bruno Pontecorvo (1913-1993), Italian physicist

Sarah Parker Remond (1826-1894), Afro-American  

August Riedel (1799-1883), German painter  

Amelia Rosselli (1930-1996), Italian poetess  

Gottfried Semper (1803-1879), German architect

Joseph Severn (1793-1879), English painter

William Wetmore Story (1819-1895 American sculptor

Edward John Trelawny (1792-1881), English author

Wilhelm Friedrich Waiblinger (1804-1830), German poet

Juan Rodolfo Wilcock (1919-1978), Argentine poet

Constance Fenimore Woolson (1840-1894), American writer

Richard Wyatt (1795-1850), English sculptor



Torna ai contenuti | Torna al menu